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This paper describes the design and implementation of a Miniature Anchored Robotic Videoscope for Expedited Laparoscopy (MARVEL) camera module that features wireless communications and control. This device decreases the surgical-tool bottleneck experienced by surgeons in state-of-the art Laparoscopic Endoscopic Single-Site (LESS) procedures for minimally invasive abdominal surgery. The system includes: (1) a near-zero latency wireless communications link, (2) a pan/tilt camera platform, actuated by two tiny motors that gives surgeons a full field of view inside the abdominal cavity, (3) a small wireless camera, (4) a wireless luminosity control system, and (5) a wireless human-machine interface to control the device. An in-vivo experiment on a porcine subject was carried out to test the general performance of the system. The robotic design is a proof of concept, which creates a research platform for a broad range of experiments in a range of domains for faculty and students in the Colleges of Engineering and Medicine and at Tampa General Hospital. This research is the first step in developing semi-autonomous wirelessly controllable and observable communicating and networked laparoscopic devices to enable a paradigm shift in minimally invasive surgery.
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