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Description

This paper describes a method of gait recognition from image sequences wherein a subject is accelerating or decelerating. As a speed change occurs due to a change of pitch (the first-order derivative of a phase, namely, a gait stance) and/or stride, we model this speed change using a cylindrical manifold whose azimuth and height corresponds to the phase and the stride, respectively. A radial basis function (RBF) interpolation framework is used to learn subject specific mapping matrices for mapping from manifold to image space. Given an input image sequence of speed transited gait of a test subject, we estimate the mapping matrix of the test subject as well as the phase and stride sequence using an energy minimization framework considering the following three points: (1) fitness of the synthesized images to the input image sequence as well as to an eigenspace constructed by exemplars of training subjects; (2) smoothness of the phase and the stride sequence; and (3) pitch and stride fitness to the pitch-stride preference model. Using the estimated mapping matrix, we synthesize a constant-speed gait image sequence, and extract a conventional period-based gait feature from it for matching. We conducted experiments using real speed transited gait image sequences with 179 subjects and demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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